The number of Americans impacted by diabetes is growing at a startling
rate—so fast, in fact that some experts call the U.S. the Diabetic
States of America. But fortunately, our Diabetes Prevention
Program and Diabetes
Control Program have been successful at turning the tide against
diabetes for participants in the programs.
Diabetes currently affects
about 26 million Americans—10 percent of our population—and is one of
the fastest growing diseases in the nation according to the diabetes facts and figures outlined in the CDC's 2011 study.
Diabetes goes hand in hand with obesity.
Obesity rates have increased by 130 percent over the past two
decades—and if the current growth rate in obesity continues, by
2050 up to one-third of Americans will be diabetic.
Every 24 hours, more than 4,000 adults
are diagnosed with diabetes, and approximately 200 people die from
The risk of death among people with
diabetes is about twice as high as it is for people of similar ages
Seventy nine million
Americans are estimated to have prediabetes, meaning that they are at
grave risk of developing diabetes.
Currently, more than
one-third of American adults—more than 72 million people—and 17
percent of children in the U.S. are obese, placing them at heightened
risk for developing diabetes.
Minorities at Risk
Blacks had a 51 percent prevalence
of obesity, and Hispanics had a 21 percent higher prevalence of
obesity compared with non-Hispanic whites, according to national diabetes figures
from 2006 - 2008.
Blacks and Hispanics are
disproportionately affected by uncontrolled diabetes: Blacks are
nearly twice as likely to have diabetes than non-Hispanic whites, and
Hispanics were 1.5 times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to die
Diabetes isn't an
equal-opportunity disease—it affects different racial and ethnic
groups at different rates. Non-Hispanic whites had the lowest rates of
type 2 diabetes, while Native Americans had the highest:
7.1% of non-Hispanic whites
8.4% of Asian Americans
11.8% of Hispanics
12.6% of non-Hispanic blacks
16.1% of Native Americans
The Financial and Health
More than half of Americans could
have diabetes or prediabetes by 2020 at a cost of $3.35 trillion over
the next decade.
One of every five health
care dollars is spent caring for someone with diagnosed diabetes. And
caring for a person with diabetes costs an average of $11,700,
compared with $4,400 for someone without diabetes.
By the end of the decade,
diabetes and prediabetes will account for $500 billion in health care
spending annually—up from an estimated $194 billion this year.
The Fight Against Diabetes
Diabetes has become a national
crisis, as experts have started declaring us the "Diabetic States of
America." By 2020, more than half of American adults will either have
type 2 diabetes, or be at risk of developing it. And more than 90
percent of those with prediabetes, and over a quarter of those with
diabetes don't even know they have the disease.
Even among those who know that they're at
risk, little is being done to help them. Only about half of those
with prediabetes said they had tried to lose weight or boost their
exercise level in the preceding year, according to a recent study.
The DPCA Diabetes
Prevention Program helps those at high risk of developing type 2
diabetes adopt and maintain healthy lifestyles by eating healthier,
increasing physical activity and losing a modest amount of weight to
reduce their chances of developing the disease.
This program is based on research funded by the National Institutes of
Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The studies
found that healthy lifestyle changes such as moderate weight loss and
increased physical activity could reduce the risk of developing type 2
diabetes by 58 percent in people with prediabetes. If programs
designed to prevent and control diabetes—such as our NOT MESM initiative—are adopted broadly
and scaled nationally, our country could improve life expectancy and
save up to $250 billion net over the next 10 years.
Sources of Our Diabetes Facts and Figures
United States of Diabetes: Challenges and Opportunities in the Decade Ahead, UnitedHealth Center for Health Reform & Modernization, 11/2010.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011.
The Diabetes Prevention and
Diabetes Control programs may keep diabetes from impacting your life.
Find the right one for you:
ARE YOU AT RISK?
Most people who are at risk for
developing diabetes don't even know it. Are you one? Answer 6 easy
questions to help you to assess your risk.
If you're at risk for developing diabetes, losing just 5 percent of your body weight can cut your risk by 58 percent.
Check out our Prevention Program to learn more.
Get more facts about diabetes here.